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Saharanpur District, Uttar Pradesh

Geography of Saharanpur (Hindi: ज़िला सहारनपुर, Urdu: ضلع سهارنپور) , Uttar Pradesh

Saharanpur is situated between the Ganges and the Yamuna, the holy rivers of India. One of the major district of the state of Uttar Pradesh. Saharanpur is located at 29.97°N 77.55°E,about 140 kilometres (87 mi) south-southeast from Chandigarh and 170 kilometres (110 mi) north-northeast from Delhi. It has an average elevation of 269 metres (883 ft)

Physical Features -

Saharanpur forms the most northerly position of the land known as the Doab which stretches between the holy rivers of the Ganges and the Yamuna. The Shivalik hills rise above it on the northern frontier. The portion of the Doab in which Saharanpur is situated was probably one of the first region of upper India occupied by the Aryans colonisers as they spread eastward from the Punjab.
The north and the north east of the district are surrounded by the Shivalik hills which separate it from the Dehradun district in the recently created state of Uttranchal. The river Yamuna forms its boundary in the west,separating it from the Karnal and Yamunanagar districts of Haryana. In the east lies the district of Haridwar which was part of the district of Saharanpur until 1989, and in the south lies the district of Muzafarnagar. At the time of the British Rule District Muzafarnagar was also a part of the district of Saharanpur. The district is rectangular in shape and lies between 29 degrees 34 minutes 45 seconds and 30 degrees 21 minutes 30 seconds north latitude and 77 degrees 9 minutes and 78 degrees 14 minutes 45 seconds east longitude. Its total area is 3860 square kilometers.
The main characteristics of the district can be divided into four parts.
1. The Shivalik Hill Tract
2. The Bhabar Land
3. Bangar Land
4. Khadar Land (Yamuna, Hindon)
Important Rivers
TheYamuna
The Solani
The Hindon
The Ratmau
The Nagdev
All the rivers of the district flow into either the Yamuna or the Ganges.

Saharanpur

Climate -
Saharanpur has a tropical climate because of the proximity of the Himalayan region across this Northern district. It is a sub humid region especially the upper Ganges plain areas. Saharanpur records an average temperature around 23.3 degrees during the course of the year. June is the hottest recorded month while January is the coldest one. Humidity is higher in the western area as compared to the eastern region.

Culture of Saharanpur, Uttar Pradesh

Saharanpur is like any other city of western Uttar Pradesh in language, dress, food habits, festivals, and other traditions and ceremonial functions. Cinemas, hotels, and eateries are available for entertainment. Local editions of Hindi and Urdu newspapers are published. Khadiboli is the lingua franca in which local Punjabi speakers are fluent. Dhoti and Kurta are traditional men's garments. Women wear dhoti (Saree) and Salwar-kurti, that originates from the Punjab as a number of Punjabi people have migrated to Saharanpur. Ragni is a traditional method of story telling in the form of a poem.

Cuisine of Saharanpur, Uttar Pradesh

Places of interest in Saharanpur, Uttar Pradesh

The Saharanpur botanical gardens, known as Company Garden, once the preserve of the British East India Company, are one of the oldest existing gardens in India, dating to before 1750. Then named Farahat-Bakhsh, it was originally a pleasure ground set out by a local chief, Intazam ud-ullah. In 1817, it was acquired by the British East India Company and placed under the authority of the District Surgeon. Joseph Dalton Hooker says of this Botanical Garden that "Amongst its greatest triumphs may be considered the introduction of the tea-plant from China, a fact I allude to, as many of my English readers may not be aware that the establishment of the tea-trade in the Himalaya and Assam is almost entirely the work of the superintendents of the gardens of Calcutta and Seharunpore. In 1887, when the Botanical Survey of India was set up to reform the country's botanical sciences, Saharanpur became the centre for the survey of the northern Indian flora. The Garden is seen historically as being second only to the Calcutta Gardens for its contribution to science and economy in India. Under private auspices today, it is full of greenery and has many different kinds of plants and flowers.
Other places of interest are Ambedkar Memorial, founded by Chief Minister Mayawati, and the sprawling wood carvings market, which starts from near Ambala Road and extends up to Chilkana Road, where wonderful examples of the art of this city are displayed, sold, and exported all over the world.

Temples and mosques of Saharanpur :
Shia Jamamasjid (Ansariyan Street)
Chota Imam Barha (ansariyan Street)
Bada Imam Barha (Jafar Nawaz)
Karbala (Behat Road )
Patheshwar Temple (Court Road)
Shiv Mandir (Naveen Nagar)
Hari Krishna Mandir (Vinod Vihar)
Jainbagh (Chilkana Road)
Suparshvnath Jain Temple,Chander Nagar
Jain Temple, Avas Vikas
Bhuteshwar Temple (Bhuteshwar Road)
Shiv Shakti Mandir (Chander Nagar)
Bagheshwar Temple (Chakrauta Road)
Laxmi Narayan Temple (Court Road)
Balaji Temple (Badh-tala)
Sai Baba Dham (Behat Road)
Shri Hari Darshan Mandir (Chilkana Road)
Pataleshwar Temple (Rani Bazar)
Gita Mandir (Beri Bagh)
Jama Masjid (Chowk Fawwara)
Old Jama Masjid
Eidgaah (Ambala Road)
Madarsa Mazahir-ul-Uloom
Nau-gaza Peer shrine
Ojhria Peer shrine (Shah Behlole)
Gadon Wali Masjid (Manakmau)
Peerjiyon wali masjid (PuraniMandi)
Teliyon Ki Masjid (Purani Mandi)
Unchi Masjid (Pul Kambohaan)
Masjid Shahmadar (Shahmadar-Near Pul Jogiyan)
Masjid Maliyan (Maliyan – Near Pul Jogiyan)
Masjid Ansariyan (Near Pul Sabzi Mandi)
Masjid Sadak Wali (Near Pul Jogiyan, Behat Road)
Masjid Imli Wali (Mohalla Chipyan)
Ek Minara Masjid (Mandi Samiti Road)
Masjid beldraan (Gado ka chowk)
Masjid domazili (Gado ka chowk)
Masjid Angoor wali ( lackigate )
Masjid Shahjahaani (KhanAlam Pura)
Shahjahani mosque
Tableegh-markaz (Banjaron-ka-Pul, literally, Bridge of the Barren).
There were 195 temples as of 2010.
There are also Shakumbhri Devi shrine, a holy place of Hindus, and Parshwanath, a notable Jain temple. Recently a temple of Sai Baba has been established on the Behat Road,10 km away from Saharanpur.
Barsi is situated 37 kilometres (23 mi) from Saharanpur on the Gangoh to Deoband road. It is the site of an ancient temple to Lord Shiva. Shri Baba Sidh Mandir is in Village Sona Arjunpur on Delhi- Saharanpur Road

Events in Saharanpur, Uttar Pradesh

National Record 2012

Most comprehensive state website
Bihar-in-limca-book-of-records

Bihar became the first state in India to have separate web page for every city and village in the state on its website www.brandbihar.com (Now www.brandbharat.com)

See the record in Limca Book of Records 2012 on Page No. 217