The State of Uttar Pradesh accounts for 18.49 per cent of muslim population, which is much lower than that in the district Rampur of 49.13 per cent. Thus, of the total district population, about half of them is found to be muslim.Iit is economically and socially backward minority concentrated districts.
District Rampur is situated at the central part of the northern half of Rohilkhand division. Rampur, located between longitude 79°05' E and latitude 28°48' N, is in Moradabad Division of Uttar Pradesh, India.The district lies about 81 kms from north to south, while 49 kms from east to west. It is almost heart shaped. It is bounded by Nainital on the north, Badaun on the south, Bareilly on the east and Moradabad on the west. It is spread over the area of 2367 Sq. km., which are 0.98 per cent of Uttar Pradesh (240928 sq.km.).
District consists of 6 Tehsils as against the 306 tehsils in Uttar Pradesh. Such 6 tehsils are : (i) Swar, (ii) Bilaspur, (iii) Shahabad, (iv) Milak, (v) Rampur Sadar and (vi) Tanda. There are 6 development blocks in the district as against 820 blocks in Uttar Pradesh. Such development blocks in the district are : (i) Swar, (ii) Bilaspur, (iii) Said Nagar, (iv) Chamaraua, (v) Shahabad and (vi) Milak. In the district, there are 1092 inhabited villages, while such villages are 97942 in Uttar Pradesh. Average size of household in the district comes to 6.70 in 2001 which is larger than to that of 6.50 in the state of Uttar Pradesh.
The male population in the district accounts to 53.22 per cent of the total population, while to that of female population to 46.78 per cent. Thus, a 5 larger number of male over female population has resulted into the discrepancy in to the sex ratio. Sex ratio (female per one thousand of male) is found to be 879 in the district as against the 898 of the state of Uttar Pradesh. Density of population is found to be higher in the district (898) as against Uttar Pradesh (690). The population in the district grew by 30 per cent during 1991-200, which is higher than to that of 25.85 per cent in the state of Uttar Pradesh. SC population in the district accounts for 13.40 per cent which is higher than that in the state of Uttar Pradesh of 12.73 per cent. ST population turns out to be 0.02 per cent both in the district as well as in the state. The share of rural population in the district comes to 79.22 per cent, which is higher than to those in the state as a whole of 52.35 per cent. In sharp contrast to above, the share of urban population (20.78 per cent) is found lower in the district than to those in the state as a whole of 47.65 per cent.
Demographic Status by Religion -
Rampur district is found dominated by muslim community. It accounts for 49.13 per cent as against the 18.49 per cent in the state of Uttar Pradesh. Hindu accounts for 47.05 per cent in the district as against the 80.62 per cent in the state of Uttar Pradesh. In the state economy hindu has occupied the more significant place than to that in the district Rampur.
Transport of Rampur, Uttar Pradesh :
Rampur (station code RMU) lies on the Lucknow-Moradabad line and junction point of Kathgodam railway line. which work under NER. Train connections include Avadh Assam Express, Jammu Tawi-Sealdah Express, Kashi Vishwanath Express, Howrah-Amritsar Express, Ganga Sutlej Express and Satyagraha Express. Seat reservation is computerized. The station is served by the Northern Railways. Moradabad railway station is 30 km to the west of Rampur. Going south-east, Bareilly railway station is the nearest major station. Hotel Tourist and Restaurant is only 5 minute walk from the railway station. The electrification of railway lines of Rampur junction is completed.
Various express trains come here. The important ones are Delhi-Kathgodam Shatabdi, Delhi-Bareilly Inter-city Express, Lucknow-Delhi Lucknow Mail, Delhi-Kathgodam Ranikhet Express, Bareilly-Bhuj Ala Hazrat Express, Amritsar-Howrah Amritsar Mail.
National Highway 24 passes through Rampur. Regular buses every ½ hr connect Rampur to Moradabad. Direct buses are also available from Delhi, Lucknow, Bareilly, Aligarh Haridwar, Rishikesh, Kanpur, Rupaidhiya, Agra etc. National Highway 87 originates at Rampur.
Rampuri Chaaku Knife Making - Rampur was traditionally famous for the knives known as Rampuri Chaaku, which even made their way to Bollywood crime thrillers in the 1960s and 1970s. Eventually the Government of Uttar Pradesh banned making knives longer than 4.5 inches in blade length, leading to a drop in their popularity.
The Rulers of Rampur have had distinct impact on the architecture of the region. The buildings and monuments signify the presence of Mughal type architecture. Some of the buildings are very old and have been built over repeatedly in course of time.
One of the most well designed monument is the Fort of Rampur(Hindi:रामपुर का किला). It also houses the Raza Library or Hamid Manzil, the former palace of the Rulers. It has a sizable collection of Oriental manuscripts. The fort also houses the Imambara.
The Jama Masjid is one of the finest piece of architecture to be found in Rampur. It resembles the jama masjid in Delhi to some extent and has a beautiful interior. It was built by Nawab Faizullah Khan. It has a unique mughal touch to it. There are several entry-exit gates to the masjid. It has three big domes and four tall minarets with gold pinnacles boasting of a royal touch. It has a main lofty entrance gate that has an inbuilt clock tower occupied by a big clock that was imported from Britain.
There are several entry-exit gates built by the Nawab. These gates are major entry-exit routes from the city. Examples are Shahbad Gate, Nawab Gate, Bilaspur Gate etc.
The court musicians of the Nawabs subsequently gave rise to various gharanas or schools of Hindustani classical music. Ustad Allauddin Khan (1881–1972) was a shagird (disciple) of the legendary Veena player, Wazir Khan, court musician of the Nawab, and went on to establish the a modern Maihar gharana with disciples like Pandit Ravi Shankar, Nikhil Banerjee, Vasant Rai, Pannalal Ghosh, Bahadur Khan, and Sharan Rani.
The Rampur-Sahaswan gharana of Hindustani classical music also has its origins in court musicians. Ustad Mehboob Khan, was a khayal singer and Veena player of the Rampur court; his son Ustad Inayat Hussain Khan (1849–1919), who trained and lived in the city, founded the gharana.
Nawabs of Rampur patronised legendary poets like Nizam Rampuri, Mirza Asadullah Khan Ghalib, Dagh Dehalvi, Ameer Minai and many others, and thus Rampur is known as hub of poetry, moreover, Rampur is considered to be third school of poetry.
The poets who presently represent Rampur worldwide are:
Abdul Wahab Sukhan
Rampur Greyhound -
The Rampur Greyhound, native to the region, is a smooth haired sighthound, substantially built. It was the favored hound of the Nawabs for jackal coursing, but was also used to hunt lions, tigers, leopards, and panthers. Nawab Ahmad Ali Khan Bahadur bred these dogs by combining the blood lines of Tazi and the English Greyhound.
Religious practices are as much an integral part of everyday life and a very public affair as they are in the rest of India. Therefore not surprisingly, many festivals are religious in origin although several of them are celebrated irrespective of caste and creed. Among the most important Hindu festivals are Diwali, Holi and Vijayadashami, Mahashivaratri, Ram Navmi, Basant Panchami, Sri Krishna Janamastmi and Raksha Bandhan,which are also observed by Jains and Sikhs. Eid ul Milad, Eid ul-Fitr, Bakr-Id are Muslim religious festivals. Mahavir Jayanti is celebrated by Jains, Buddha Jayanti by Buddhists, Guru Nanak Jayanti by Sikhs and Good Friday, Christmas by the Christians.
Rampuri cuisine, a part of the Mughal cuisine tradition, developed by the chefs of the Nawabs, is also known for its distinct flavours and dishes with recipes passed on from the royal kitchen, like Rampuri fish, Rampuri Korma, Rampuri mutton kebabs, doodhiya biryani and adrak ka halwa.
Jama Masjid (Hindi: जामा मस्जिद) -
The foundation of Jama Masjid in Rampur was laid by Nawab Faizullah Khan. It was built at the cost of 3 lakhs at that time and it was further completed by Nawab Kalb Ali Khan. The area around the Jama Masjid became a center of attraction and a big market was developed around it, known today as the Shadab Market. A big jewellery market also lines the masjid known as Sarrafa. The shops were rented out to businessmen to meet the mosque's requirements. Hindus and Muslims both own these shops and customers belong to both communities. This shows communal harmony that exists in this area.
Rampur's Raza Library -
Nawab Faizullah Khan, who ruled Rampur from 1774 to 1794, established the library from his personal collection of ancient manuscripts and miniature specimens of Islamic calligraphy in the last decades of the 18th century. It is one of the biggest libraries of Asia. As all the succeeding Nawabs were great patrons of scholars, poets, painters, calligraphers and musicians, the library grew by leaps and bounds. Notable additions were made to the collection during the rule of Nawab Ahmad Ali Khan (1794–1840). It contains very rare and valuable collection of manuscripts, historical documents, specimens of Islamic calligraphy, miniature paintings, astronomical instruments and rare illustrated works in Arabic and Persian. The Raza Library also contains printed works in Sanskrit, Hindi, Urdu, Pashto (having the original manuscript of the first translation of the Qur'an in addition to other important books/documents), Tamil and Turkish, and approximately 30,000 printed books (including periodicals) in various other languages.
Rampur Planetarium (Hindi: रामपुर तारामंडल) -
State of the art planetarium is being established at Rampur. This will be India's first planetarium based on Digital Laser technology. The planetarium building is almost complete and equipments are being installed. The information will be directly fed by NASA.
Gandhi Samadhi (Hindi: गांधी समाधि) -
Gandhi Samadhi is a memorial to Mahatma Gandhi. It signifies the struggles that Mahatma Gandhi took over for the independence of India from British Rule.
Kothi Khas Bagh (Hindi: विशेष कोटि बाग) -
Kothi Khas Bagh is a palace located at Rampur, about 30 km east of Moradabad in Uttar Pradesh. It was the erstwhile residence of the Nawabs of Rampur. Set in a 300-acre compound, this huge 200-room European style palace is a unique blend of Islamic architecture and British architecture. It also features personal apartments and offices, music rooms and personal cinema hall of Nawabs. The huge halls, adorned with Burma teak and Belgium glass chandeliers, present a fine specimen of the architecture of a bygone era. There is an Italian marble staircase towards the main bedrooms. The statue of Kalb Ali Khan, the second Nawab of Rampur, is an eye-catching one. Kothi Khas Bagh is now in a dilapidated state due to the age and neglect.
Ambedkar Park (Hindi: अम्बेडकर पार्क) -
Ambedkar Park is a memorial to Bhimrao Ambedkar. It is a beautiful park with a railway line along its boundary.
Bihar became the first state in India to have separate web page for every city and village in the state on its website www.brandbihar.com (Now www.brandbharat.com)
See the record in Limca Book of Records 2012 on Page No. 217