Siddharthnagar district lies between 27°N to 27°28'N and 82°45'E to 83°10'E. It is part of Purvanchal. The district borders Nepal's districts Kapilvastu on the north and Rupandehi on the northeast. Otherwise it is surrounded by other districts of Uttar Pradesh: Maharajganj on the east, Basti and Sant Kabir Nagar on the south, and Balrampur on the west. Siddarthnagar's area is 2,752 km2.
Siddharthnagar district (Hindi: सिद्धार्थनगर ज़िला, Urdu: سدھارتھ نگر ضلع) is one of the 75 districts of Uttar Pradesh state in Northern India. Navgarh town is the district headquarters. Siddharth Nagar district is a part of Basti division. The district is known for the ruins of the Shakya Janapada, at Piprahwa. 22 km from the district headquarters Navgarh. According to Government of India, the district Siddharthnagar is one of the minority concentrated districts in India on the basis of the 2001 census data on population, socio-economic indicators and basic amenities indicators. Some notable politicians of this district are Lt. Minister Dinesh Singh, Jagdambika Pal, Mata Prasad Pandey, Kaamal Yusuf Malik etc.
Around 71.0 per cent of main workers are engaged in agriculture as cultivators and agricultural labourers. Around 79.0 percent of reporting area comes under the plough. The main crops are Paddy, Wheat, Arhar, Masoor and Sugarcane. The district is adversely affected with floods and water logging during monsoon season and this damages the crops and human property. With respect to industries, there were two registered factories but both were not found functional. The district also has 2750 Khadi Gramodyog and 3192 small scale unit employed 7637 and 9366 persons respectively. However, the exact number of functioning units is not known.
Piprahava in Birdpur Block -
Main tourist place of Siddharthnagar is KAPILVASTU at Piprahava in Birdpur Block .This place is very important in all respect compared to other important sites because it is the seat where Buddha lived for 29 years. He completed his education in the same place and enriched his knowledge.He heralded peace to the world from this place.
In 1969 Birdpur block had Fourteen villages.The revenue departments was trying to subdivide it into smaller revenue villages with the help of local people.During the inspection ,the then Dy. Collector Mr. Jaiswal found out that the Khasra no 1888,1889,1891,1895,1892,1893,2570/312,2569/212,2569/1 etc were recorded in the name of Shakaya Dynasty as 'Kot Shaykaya Vanshaj Kaisery Hind' since past few centuries. During the consolidation procedure ,the land was recorded against some fictitious 'Shayakaya Vansaj'. Due to effort of local M.L.A. Mr. Dhanraj Yadav ,revenue department corrected this Khatouni and the land was against the name of 'Kot Shaykaya Vanshaj Kaisery Hind'.
Later on depending upon the historical facts ,a knowledgeable 'Bodh Bikshu Shri Dharma Kirti' visited the place with Mr. Narendra Kumar and confirmed that this is the place where the old KAPILVASTU ,the capital of Shakaya Kingdom buried underneath. He requested the government of India to excavate this place where old ruiens of KAPILVASTU might have been. Considering the above request ,Govt. of India started the survey and excavation work under the supervision of Dr. K.M. Srivastava , a renound archeologist in 1971-72.
Bharat Bhari in Dumariyagunj Block
Bihar became the first state in India to have separate web page for every city and village in the state on its website www.brandbihar.com (Now www.brandbharat.com)
See the record in Limca Book of Records 2012 on Page No. 217