Jhansi (About this sound pronunciation (help·info)) Hindi ("झाँसी") is a historic city of northern India, located in the region of Bundelkhand on the banks of the Pahuj or Pushpavati River, in the extreme south of the state of Uttar Pradesh. Jhansi is the administrative headquarters of Jhansi District and Jhansi Division. This district is on the banks of the Betwa River. The city is situated between the rivers Pahuj and Betwa between North longitudes 24°11´ and 25°57´and East latitudes 78°10´and 79°25´. It has an average elevation of 284 metres (935 feet). It is about 415 kilometres (258 mi) from New Delhi and 292 kilometres (181 mi) from Lucknow, and is called the Gateway to Bundelkhand.
Jhansi is well connected to all other major towns in Uttar Pradesh by road and railway networks. The National Highway Development Project has supported development of Jhansi. The north-south corridor connecting Kashmir to Kanyakumari passes through Jhansi as does the East-West corridor; consequently there has been a sudden rush to infrastructure and real estate development in the city. A greenfield airport development has been planned.
The land is suitable for species of citrus fruit and crops include wheat, pulses, peas, and oilseeds. The region relies heavily on Monsoon rains for irrigation purposes. Under an ambitious canal project (the Rajghat canal), the government is constructing a network of canals for irrigation in Jhansi and Lalitpur and some part of Madhya Pradesh. The trade in agricultural products (including grain and oilseeds) is of great economic importance. The city is also a centre of brassware manufacture.
Jhansi is known for extreme climate. In winter, mercury may dip to 1°C and on hottest summer day, it may rise to 50 degrees Celsius. But normally, winter temperature ranges between 6 degrees Celsius and 21 degrees Celsius. While summer temperature hovers between 24 degrees Celsius and 45 degrees Celcius. Rainy season starts in the third week of June with Monsoon rains washing the central India. Monsoon rains gradually become weak in September and the season ends in the last week of September. The best season to visit Jhansi is pre-winter and spring. The best months to visit this place are October, November, February, & March. April to August, it is very hot and inadvisable to sightsee in the sun.
Transportation - How to Reach Jhansi
Though Jhansi has an airport, it is not operational for civil flights as it is a base of Army Aviation. A new greenfield airport is in the pipeline which would enable excellent connectivity with major metros and other important cities. The nearest operational airport to Jhansi is Gwalior (98 km).
Jhansi is very well connected to major cities across India by direct train links. You can reach Jhansi from India's capital New Delhi, in 4.5 hours by New Delhi-BhopalShatabdi Express(India's fastest train).
Jhansi is situated at a strategic location where North-South and East-West corridors(4 lane National Super Highways) intersect each other. National Highways #25, #26, and #75 go through Jhansi. NH 25 connects to Lucknow at one side and Shivpuri at the other side. This is part of 4 lane East-West corridor. NH 26 connects to Lalitpur and is a part of 4 lane North-South corridor. Another NH 75 connects to Gwalior which is also a part of 4 lane North-South corridor. From Delhi, by car it takes 8-9 Hours and having good road condition.
Distance between Jhansi and other cities
Except winter, light cotton clothes are your best bet. In winter, one should carry woollen clothing, shawls, etc.
The early 17th century fort was made by Raja Bir Singh on top of a hill known as Bangara as an army stronghold. The Karak Bijli tank is within the fort. There is also a museum which has a collection of sculpture and provides an insight into the history of Bundelkhand.
In the Government Museum there are collections of weapons, statues, dresses and photographs that represent the Chandela dynasty and a picture gallery of the Gupta period. There are also terracottas, bronzes, manuscripts, paintings and coins. The museum is closed on Mondays and second Saturday of every month.
The Rani Mahal was the palace of Rani Lakshmi Bai and has now been converted into a museum. It houses a collection of archaeological remains of the period between the 9th and 12th centuries AD.
Shri Kali Temple
Karguan Jain Temple
Shrine of St. Jude Church
St Antony's Cathedral
Gangadhar Rao-Ki-Chhatri (tomb)
Laxmi Bai Park
Jari Ka Math
Barua Sagar & Fort
Bihar became the first state in India to have separate web page for every city and village in the state on its website www.brandbihar.com (Now www.brandbharat.com)
See the record in Limca Book of Records 2012 on Page No. 217