This district is situated between two important cities Allahabad, which is also known as "Prayag". The distance from Allahabad is 117 Km and from Kanpur is 76 Km by railway . The north boundry of the district is limited by river Ganga and southern is ended with river Yamuna .
In the Vedik era the region of this district was known as "Antardesh", which means the fertile area between two big rivers . Later, it was known as "Madhyadesh" which means central region . The northern region of the district is influenced with "Avadhi" culture while southern part shows effect of the "Bundelkhand" . The region of Fatehpur was included in the district Vatsa, which was one among sixteen districts described in the Baudh literature .
The rivers, Ganga and Yamuna , bordering the district on the north and south ,along with their tributaries play an important role in fashioning the topography of the district. The levels of G.T. Road which traverses the district from north-west to south-east, illustrate the fall perhaps more clearly , the greatest height being 121.36 m. near the western border and the lowest ,105.15m.,near the eastern border, the intermediate levels being 119.48 at Aung,117.65m. at Malwa,111.25m. at Fatehpur,107.29m.at Thariaon and 105.77m. at Katoghan
The modern Fatehpur has been divided in three sub-divisions:-
1. Fatehpur 2. Bindki 3. Khaga
At the lower level, the district has been further sub divided into thirteen "Development Blocks" & six Urban/Town areas :-
1. Airaya 2. Amauli 3. Asothar 4. Bahua
5. Bhitaura 6. Deomai 7. Dhata 8. Haswa
9. Hathgam 10. Khajuha 11. Malwan 12. Teliyani
1. Fatehpur M.B. 2. Bindki M.B. 3. Bahua T.A.
4. Khaga T.A. 5. Kishunpur T.A. 6. Koda Jahanabad T.A.
There are 1352 populated, 164 non-populated villages & 786 Village Panchayats in the district .
River System and Water Resources
* Ganga * Rind
* Pandu Nadi * Bari Nadi
* Yamuna * Chhoti Nadi
* Nun * Sasur Khaderi
Geologically the district is formed by Sub-Recent to Recent rocks composed of the ordinary Gangetic alluvium. The alluvium probably rest on the north-eastward sloping basement consisting of gneisses, granites, and patches of Vindhyan rocks.
The district is not rich in economic mineral deposits. However, there are appreciable ground-water potentialities besides building materials like sand from the bank of the Ganga, gravel (moram) from the Yamuna and clays, silty clays in the alluvium suitable for brick manufacture.
The game laws in district are governed by the Wild Life Protection Act.1972, which imposes a total ban on the shooting of fast extinguishing species such as tigers and leopards.
The climate of the district is characterized by a hot summer and a pleasant winter. The cold season from about middle of November to February is followed by hot season from March to middle of June . The period from mid-June to the end of September is south-west Monsoon season .
Records of rainfall in the district are available for three stations,Fatehpur, Khajwa and Khaga for sufficient long Periods. The average annual rainfall in the district is 906.2mm.(35.68'') The rainfall varies from 870.3mm.(34.26'') at Fatehpur to 926.8mm.(36.49'') at Khaga. The highest rainfall 168% of the normal occurred in 1915 and lowest rainfall 60% of the normal occurred in 1918.
Max.Temp :45-48 Deg. C. During May & June
Min Temp: 3.0-8.6 Deg. C. During Dec & Jan
The inscriptions of the Hindu temples and the Jain And Buddha Shrines which go back to the Gupta and post-Gupta times and the quality of the art and architecture of contemporaneous edifices prove that the people of the district in those times were educated and cultured.
After the 12th century,some Muslims who had settled down in these parts set up their own maktabs(school),many were attached to mosques and the teachers.
The architecture of the buildings at places sacred to religion from anti-quity in the district e.g. Asni, Asothar,Bahau,Bindki,Renand Gunir is primarily Indian in concept whereas constructions tracing their origin to Muslim period e.g. those at Amauli,Deomai,Fatehpur,Haswa,Malwa largely follow the Indo-Muslim style of architecture .
The seasonal folk - song is Hori or Phag in spring, Malhar and Kajri in the rainy season.
Mushairas and Kavi – sammelans,being gatherings at which Urdu and Hindi poets respectivily recite their poems , are very popular in urban areas.
Bawani Imali : This monument is the symbol of sacrifices offered by freedom fighters . On 28th April, 1858, fifty two freedom fighters were hanged on an "Imali" tree by the british army . The "Imali" tree still exists, people believe that the growth of tree has stopped after the massacre. This place is very near to town Khajuha in Bindki Subdivision of the district .
Bhitaura : This is block headquarter situated at the bank of holy river Ganga . This is the place where renowned saint Bhrigu worshipped for a long time . Here, flow of river Ganga is towards north direction, which is very important from the religious point of view .
Hathgam : This is also block headquarter and birth place of great freedom fighter Late Shri Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthi & renowned Urdu poet Shri Iqbal Verma . It is said, this was populated by Saint Parashar .
Renh : A very old village situated on the bank of river Yamuna . Two decades before a very old idol of Lord Vishnu, made up of precious alloy, was found in this village . Now that idol is in a temple in village Kirtikheda on Bindki Lalauli road .
Shivrajpur : This village is situated at the bank of river Ganga near Bindki, which is a sub-division . In this village, there is a very old temple of Lord Krishna, which is known as "Mirabai Ka Mandir" (temple of Mirabai) . It is said that idol of Lord Krishna was founded by Mirabai, a renowned devotee of Lord Krishna and a member of royal family of Mewar state .
Tenduli : A village situated on Chaudagara-Bindki road . It is believed that victims of snake/dog biting, persons suffering from parapsychological problems get relief from the temple of Baba Jhamdas in this village..
Deputy Collector Hiqmat Ullah Khan : He was deputed in this district during 1857 revolution . He was very much impressed with the feelings of freedom fighters. Ultimately, he offered his services to the motherland and was included in the army of Nana Saheb Peshawa . In the same year, during a clash he was captured by the british army and was hanged on an Imali tree .
Rashtrakavi Sohan Lal Dwivedi : The great poet, who was awarded the title of "Rashtrakavi" . He was born in 1905 in Bindki sub-division of this district .
Shri Dariyaw Singh : He was one of those martyrs of this district, who sacrificed their everything in the war of freedom . He along with his son Sujan Singh and others, captured the Khaga sub-division of the district on June 8th, 1857 . Till July 11th, the district was under control of revolutionists . On March 6th, 1858, both of them along with others were sentenced to death by the british govt. .
Shri Ganesh Shankar Vidarthi : Renowned personality, freedom fighter influenced by Gandhi ideology, was born in the Hathgam place of this district . This place is a block headquarter .
Thakur Jodha Singh Ataiya : The resident of village Rasoolpur of this district, this freedom fighter played important role in 1857 revolution . On 28th April, 1858, he was hanged on the "Imali" tree near town Khajuha, with 51 other revolutionists . The tree still exists, and this place is known as "Bawani Imali" .
Bihar became the first state in India to have separate web page for every city and village in the state on its website www.brandbihar.com (Now www.brandbharat.com)
See the record in Limca Book of Records 2012 on Page No. 217