Bareilly is located at 28°10′N, 78°23′E, and lies in northern India. It borders Pilibhit and Shahjahanpur on East and Rampur on west, Udham Singh Nagar(Uttarakhand) in North and Badaun in South. It is a level terrain, watered by many streams, the general slope being towards the south. The soil is fertile and highly cultivated, groves of noble trees abound, and the villages have a neat, prosperous look. A tract of forest jungle, called the tarai, stretches along the extreme north of the district, and teems with large game, such as tigers, bears, deer, wild pigs, etc. The river Sarda or Gogra forms the eastern boundary of the district and is the principal stream. Next in importance is the Ramganga, which receives as its tributaries most of the hill torrents of the Kumaon mountains. The Deoha is another great drainage artery and receives many minor streams. The Gomati or Gumti also passes through the district.
Bareilly pronunciation (Hindi: बरेली, Urdu: باریلی) is a metro city in Bareilly district in the northern Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. Standing on the Ramganga river, it is the capital of Rohilkhand Division and is a center for the manufacture of furniture and for trade in cotton, grain, and sugar. The city's population in 2001 was 699,839. Geographically it forms the outer gateway to enter Uttarakhand State. Bareilly is the 4th city of Uttar Pradesh which has CNG fuel stations, after Lucknow, Kanpur and Agra. Bareilly is the 7th largest metropolitan city of Uttar Pradesh and 50th largest metropolitan city of India.This fast-growing city is also known as Bans-Bareilly, due to its big bamboo market. Bareilly is also known as the counter-magnet city because it is equidistant from New Delhi and Lucknow and has a lot of potential for setting up industries to attract people to settle.It is one of the biggest city of Uttar Pradesh state. Historically it was the part of the ancient kingdom of Panchal. In the Medieval period it was under the Rohillas. The modern city's foundation was laid by Mukrand Rai in 1657.
Administrative divisions of Bareilly -
The district of Bareilly has six tehsils: Bareilly(Main), Aonla, Faridpur, Mirganj, Nawabganj and Baheri. These tehsils are further divided into 14 blocks.
Climate of Bareilly -
Bareilly has a humid subtropical climate with high variation between summer and winter temperatures. Summers are long, from early April to October, with the monsoon season in between. Winter starts in October and peaks in January and is notorious for its heavy fog. Extreme temperatures range from 4 °C to 44 °C. The annual mean temperature is 25 °C (77 °F), monthly mean temperatures range from 14 °C to 33 °C (58 °F to 92 °F). The average annual rainfall is approximately 1714 mm (28.1 inches), most of which is during the monsoons in July and August.
Environment of Bareilly -
Bareilly has a moderate climate. The city lies entirely in the Ganges plains. The low-lying Ganges plains provide fertile alluvial soil suitable for agriculture.They are prone to recurrent floods. Bareilly lies on the bank of river Ramganga and there are seven rivers passing through this district. The lower Himalayan range is 40 km north of it.
Demographics of Bareilly -
According to the 2011 census Bareilly district has a population of 4,465,344, roughly equal to the nation of Croatia or the US state of Louisiana. This gives it a ranking of 39th in India (out of a total of 640. The district has a population density of 1,084 inhabitants per square kilometre (2,810 /sq mi) . Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 23.4%. Bareilly has a sex ratio of 883 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 60.52%.
According to the 2005 census report of the Government of India, the total population of Bareilly City Region (Bareilly Municipal Corporation and Bareilly Cantt.) is 875,165 having distribution as 53% males and 47% females nearly. The area under the city region is 123.46 km². The density of the population is among the high in the country touching 5000 per km2.
Hindus form 62% of population. The main population consists of Kurmis (Jadauns and Gangwars, Patels), Mauryas, and other castes such as the Baniyas, others like Jatavs, Balmikis, Thakurs, Kayasthas and Punjabis.
Minority population is about 35% of the total population of the district. Muslims contribute 26%, mainly Ansari, Behna, Rohilla, Rayeen, Ranghar and Shaikh) of the population. Sikhs form about 10% of population and rest are Jain, Buddhist and Christians.
The main languages spoken are Hindi, English, Urdu, Punjabi, and Kumaoni.
Industry in Bareilly -
The City of Bareilly serves as an industrial hub to the Bareilly district, which has many industries. Sugar and food processing industries are prominent.
Education in Bareilly -
Rohilkhand University in Bareilly was established in 1975. In August, 1997 it was renamed as Mahatma Jyotiba Phule Rohilkhand University. Presently, 80 colleges are affiliated to it.
There are four famous temple of Shiva. Alakha Nath, Trivati Nath, Madhi Nath and Dhopeshwar Nath temples. So Bareilly are called Nath Nagri.
Alakha Nath Temple -
The Alakha Nath Temple is the headquarters of the Anand Akhara order of Naga sannyasins. Members of this order of Shiva devotees are also known as Naga Babas.
The temple complex beyond the inner gate consists of several buildings with a kind of courtyard in the center. Large and small shrines are there, some within buildings and some outside. Devotees go from one shrine to the next to make offerings and prayers. Animals of various kinds are around the place. Cows and goats are tethered and behind one of the buildings is a camel. Pakaria Nath temple is another famous temple in Bareilly. It is placed in bhoor thana premnager.
Tapeshwar Nath Temple - This is the oldest temple of the city, near Bsa office subhash nagar Veer bhatti ground near railway station.Both modern and old activities are performed there.
Trivati Nath Mandir - This temple is situated in the central part of the town on the Macnair Road. According to myth Lord Shiva - Trivati Nath foretold his first appearance under the three Banyan trees in dense panchal area in the dream of a shepherd. On awakening shepherd found a beautiful Shiv Lingam near the roots of three Banyan trees. This way according to Hindu calendar Vikram Samvat 1474 is the Emerging(Prakatya) year of Baba Trivati Nath ji Bhagwan in the form of a natural Shiv. This place gradually became the center of worship.
Madhi Nath Temple - This temple shares its name with its locality.
Doopeshwarnath - The temple is dedicated to Lord Doopeshwarnath. The site is the birth site of Draupadi and Dhrishtadyumna in the Mahābhārata era. Both Draupadi and Dhrishtadyumna were considered to be born by the grace of Lord Shiva. It is located in the Bareilly Cantonment area.
Radha Madhav Sankirtan Mandal - Bareilly is the headquarters of Radha Madhav Sankirtan Mandal, which has branches all across India. It was founded by the late Shree J.R.MALIK & Shree Ashanand Malik and is presently run by Y. K. Malik and S. Malik. Its aim is to spread Banke Bihari awareness through Kirtans, Katha, etc. This mandal has Radha Madhav Public School along with Ashrams and a Hospital at Vrindavan & Barsana.
Jagannath Temple - Another historical temple of Lord Shiva is in Lala Champak Rai Ki Bagia near Alakhnath temple in front of the Ganga Temple. It is also referred to as the Jagannath Temple. It is roughly 200 years old. Due to limited access, with no paved roads, is frequented by fewer devotees than its more accessible counterparts.
Tulsi Math - Near the Alakhnath Temple is the Tulsi Math. Tulsidas, the acclaimed writer of the Ramacharitamanas, said to have been the re-incarnation of Valmiki, the author of the Ramayana, made this site his home sometime around 1600 CE.
Lakshmi Narayan Temple - Another culturally significant temple is the Chunne Miyan's Lakshmi Narayan Temple (located in Katra Manrya street near Bara Bazar). Its origin dates to independence in 1947. These Hindu migrants built a small place of worship among existing ruins but later discovered that the place belonged to Fazal-ul-Rahman, whose nickname was 'Chunne Miyan'. He filed a claim against the illegal occupation of the land. Meanwhile, the proceedings of the temple continued. Once, HarMilapi ji Maharaj came from Haridwar to deliver a holy Sermon. Chunne Miyan was so impressed that he decided not only to withdraw the case but also gave financial aid for the construction of the temple. Since then the temple is popularly known as chunne miyan's mandir' and is situated in the Katra maanrai region of Koharapeer.
ISKCON Bareilly -
Very soon ISKCON will create one of the very big and famous temple, known as ISKCON Bareilly. A large plot of land was given to ISKCON Society and its construction has begun. It will be on Pilibhit Road. Bareilly is one of few cities of U.P. and Northern India to have such as temple.
Popularly known as the Hare Krishna movement, the International Society for Krishna Consciousness (ISKCON) belongs to the Gaudiya-Vaishnava sampradaya, a monotheistic tradition within Vedic, or Hindu, culture. It is based on the Bhagavad-gita, the spiritual teachings of Lord Krishna. According to tradition, this sacred text is over 5,000 years old and documents the conversation between Lord Krishna and his close friend and disciple Arjuna.
Sai Mandir Bareilly - Located near Kudesia Fatak, Shastri Nagar.
Bara Bagh Hanuman Mandir - This was built in 1952. It is also known as Dakshin Mukhi Hanuman Mandir. Several thousand devotees visit Lord Hanuman every Tuesday and Saturday. Baba Ramdas blessed the temple and was the main person behind its establishment. It is managed by "Baba Ramdas Hanuman Mandir Trust" whose patron is Shri. S.K. Agarwal (Guruji), President is Shri. Rajesh Agarwal and Secretary is Architect Sumit Agarwal. Since last 60 years on its anniversary, 108 Shri Ram CharitrManas Navahan Paath are held. The campus has a Shiva Mandir with Narmadeshwar Shivling.
Ramnagar Fort, 25 km Aonla -
Dargah Ala Hazrat Imam Ahmed Raza Khan, Saudagaran
Dargah Hazrat Shah Sharafat Miyan, Shahbad
Bibi ji ki Masjid (wife of Rohella Nawab Hafiz Remat Kahn Saheb)
Bihar became the first state in India to have separate web page for every city and village in the state on its website www.brandbihar.com (Now www.brandbharat.com)
See the record in Limca Book of Records 2012 on Page No. 217