Anuppur, Madhya Pradesh
Anuppur District is mostly hilly and forested. The Narmada River originates from the hill of Amarkantak in the Maikal Hills, and the Son River originates nearby. Anuppur is a town in northeastern Madhya Pradesh state of central India. It is the administrative headquarters of Anuppur District. Previously, it was in Shahdol district.
Anuppur is located at 23.1°N 81.68°E.
Geographical Structure -
From Geographical point of view, the District consists of a series of mountain ranges and rivers. It can be divided in to three geographical divisions.
Location - Anuppur District situated in the north eastern part of Madhya Pradesh, This District came into existenace on 15th August 2003 by re-organising Shahdol District. Anuppur District has total area of 3701 sq. km, extends 80 km from east to west and 70 km from north to south. District anuppur is surrounded by Koria District (C.G.) in east, Shahdol & Umaria District in west, Shahdol District in North and Dindori (M.P.) Bilaspur (C.G.) in the south.
Geographical Scenario -District anuppur is predominantly hilly district. It is picturesque with certain pockets and belt of sal and mixed forests. the river Narmada originates from amarkantak situated on the maikal hills which gives beautifull view to the District. River Son & Johilla also orginate from the maikal Hills. Total Geographical area of the district is 3701 sq. KM. Adjacents to the district anuppur are the boarding district Bilaspur Koria (C.G.) Shahdol,Umarai & Dindori.
Living Standard Of The Tribes - The living standard of tribals is very simple. their houses are made of mud, bamboo sticks, paddy straw and local tiles. Tribal men wear Dhoti, Bandi, Fatohi and head gear. Women wear saree named kaansh saree in the local dialect. The saree is always of body colour. women in tribal community prefer to get their body parts hands, legs and neck encovered with colours, They wear different kinds of ornaments made of bamboo, seeds and metals.
From transpoting point of view, road is the main means of Transportation. Matelic Road is about 741.67 kms. and Kachhi Road is about 1355.47 kms. Railway Facility is available for Katni , Chirimiri and Bilaspur route.
Population - According to 2001 Census, the total population of Anuppur District is 667155, out of which 309624 are Scheduled tribes and 48376 are Scheduled castes. In this manner, Anuppur District is a tribal dominated district.
Literacy - Total literacy Percentage of District is 57.75 in which male is 69.55 and for female it is 45.45.
Literacy rate of the District Anuppur :-
Increase in Population -
In year 1991, Total Population of district was 4,97,955 During last decades increase in Population is 667155. From 1951 to 1961, 1961 to 1971,1971 to 1981 and 1981 to 1991 , the increase in Population was 6.96, 11.81, 21.10 and 29.64 respectivily.
Climate and Rains -
The climate of the District is temperate. It rains from June to October in the District. The temperature remains the highest in the month of June and the l owest in the Month of January. The maximum and minimum temperature of the District remains 46oC and 2.6oC respectivily
One third of the District consists of forest area. Sal Amla , Teak , Sarai and Shisham are the main trees found in this District. The flower of Mahua and Guli Provide us edible oil. Mahua flower is mostly used for making wine by tribal people.
Mines and Minerals -
District Anuppur is very rich in its mineral resources. Minerals found in district are coal, Bauxite and fire clay. Most of the Coalmines are located in Kotma Sub Division. Amarkantak in known for its Bauxite Deposited.
According to the 1998 Survey, there are 106 industries ( Large Scale & Small Scale ) in the whole District. The Orient paper Mill and Soda Factory are situated in Amlai. Small Scale industries of polythene and Baskets of Bamboo are also run in the District. There is a Bidi Factory in Venkatnagar.
Amarkantak Thermal Power Plant is established for the production of electricity. 94% villages of the District have been electirfied. Chachai Power House has total generating capacity of 290 MW.
Post and Telecommunication -
There are one 111 Post Offices and their braches working in the whole District. There are 6 Telegram Offices . The District has 2038 Telephone Connection.
Public Health -
Besides one District Hospital , t here are 5 Community Health Centers, 17 Primary Health Centers, 12 Ayurvedic Dispensaries and 174 Sub-Health Centers Working in the District.
Other Facilities -
There are 08 Veterinary Hospitals in the District. There are 34 Official inseminations Centre in the District. Besides these there are 9 Police Stations and 01 Police Post.
Forest - One third of the District consists of forest area. Sal Amla, Teak, Sarai and Shisham are the main trees found in this District. The flower of Mahua and Guli Provide us edible oil. Mahua flower is mostly used for making wine by tribal people.
Mines and Minerals - District Anuppur is very rich in its mineral resources. Minerals found in district are coal, Bauxite and fire clay. Most of the Coalmines are located in Kotma Sub Division. Amarkantak in known for its Bauxite Deposited.
Climate and Rains - The climate of the District is temperate. It rains from June to October in the District. The temperature remains the highest in the month of June and the l owest in the Month of January. The maximum and minimum temperature of the District remains 46oC and 2.6oC respectivily.
Vernaculars spoken in Anuppur include Bagheli, which has a lexical similarity of 72-91% with Hindi (compared to 60% for German and English) and is spoken by about 7 800 000 people in Bagelkhand.
Holy City Amarkantak
The town of Amarkantak lies in the newly created district of Anuppur, in Madhya Pradesh. It is situated on the Maikal mountain range which links the Vindhyachal and Satpura mountain ranges, at about 1067 meters above mean sea level. The population of the town as per 2001 census is around 7000. Many mythological stories relating to Lord Shiva and his daughter Narmada have been woven around this mystical town of Amarkantak. Amarkantak is known primarily as a religious place. The holy rivers Narmada and Soneoriginate from here. Another important river Johilla, too originates from Amarkantak. There are about 12 temples here devoted to Narmada maiyya. The Narmada temple is the most important one, which has been built around the origin point of the river Narmada. The Bhonsles of Nagpur built this temple. Maharaja Gulab Singh belonging to the Baghel dynasty of Rewa constructed the outer boundary wall of the temple complex. The Kalchuris constructed the Machendranath and the Patleshwar temple at Amarkantak. The Archaelogical Survey of India has declared this group of temples (Karna matha temples) a protected site. A few years ago,an idol was stolen from this protected site, which was recovered later; however, since then, the ASI has shifted the idol from this temple .The religious significance of this town has attracted people from various sects and religions and as a consequence, many ashrams of various sadhu-mahatamas have come up in Amarkantak over the years.
Besides attracting devotees of all sorts due to its religious importance, Amarkantak, because of its picturesque/rustic location, rich vegetation and moderate climatic conditions, attracts many tourists from nearby areas. The temperature of Amarkantak varies from 25 degree centigrade to -2 degree centigrade around the year. The period from the month of July to the month of September can be termed as the rainy season. Due to its beautiful locale and pleasant climate, Amarkantak has vast potential of being developed as a hill station attracting tourists of all kinds.
Amarkantak: a source of invaluable Jadi-Butis
The forests surrounding Amarkantak are home to various invaluable medicinal plants like brahmi, gulbakawali, safedmusli, kalimusli, tejraj, bhojraj, patalkumhna, kali haldi, devraj, hatahjodi, jatashankari, ashta gandha. At present the local vaids use them to make herbal remedies, some of which are well known for their potency
Amarkantak is 71 Kms. from Anupppur, which is an important railway junction of the South Eastern Central Railway. Amarkantak is at a distance of 320 Kms. from Jabalpur and 265 Kms. from Rewa by road and around 100 Kms. from Shahdol. Jabalpur, Rewa, and Shahdol are all railway stations. The nearest railway station from Amarkantak is Pendra, which is 65 Kms. from Amarkantak. Pendra is in Bilaspur district of Chhatisgarh state. One can also reach Amarkantak by air. There is a permanent helipad at Amarkantak. There is also an airstrip at Lalpur in district Shahdol the specifications of which are at Annexure-1. From Lalpur, one can reach Amarkantak by road. (90 Kms).
Places of Tourist Attraction in Amarkantak
As discussed earlier Amarkantak is known primarily for its religious importance. The various places of tourist attraction are as follows:
1. Narmada Mandir (group of temples)
2. Mai Ka Bagiya
5. Kabir Chabutra
6. Jwaleshwar Mahadev
9. Shambhudhara & Durgadhara
10. Sarvodya Jain Temple
Besides these regularly visited sites, all roads from Amarkantak within 3 Km radius are excellent trekking routes where one can behold the beauty of nature in its breathtakingly untouched form.
Existing facilities at Amarkantak
The existing facilities at Amarkantak whether through the government or the private delivery system, are neither in tune with the importance of the place nor adequate to cater to a regular tourist flow. There are a few tourist cottages maintained by the local municipal body. The Madhya Pradesh State Tourism Development Corporation runs a ' Holiday home' which has ten rooms and two dormitories. There is some accommodation available in the Kalyan and Barfani Ashrams. However, there are no budget/ luxury hotels at Amarkantak for the average/upper market tourists.
Mobile phone services are available in Amarkantak.Mobile operators including BSNL, Reliance Smart have their service presence in Amarkantak. In addition, broadband internet connectivity offered by BSNL is also available in browsing cafes. Thus tourists can avail internet facility in Amarkantak.
The local market place needs to be organized properly. There is also a 'Haat-Bazaar' site coming up where Self Help Groups from all over the district will market rural products produced by them.This has the potential of becoming an important tourist attraction in future.
There is a Bus-Stand that needs a facelift, as many tourists prefer coming to Amarkantak by road.
Ganesh Temple, Baigarh near Amarkantak
A temple of Lord Ganesha is located in Baigarh a small village, a few Kilometers from the main road connecting Rajendragam and Amarkantak. An idol of Lord Ganesha blessing the devotees is the sight of divine attraction. The temple is surrounded by forest area with springs of pure water originating from the river Narmada. The temple is located in a landscape of natural beauties and herbals which would offer the devotees a great place for worship and meditation. An Ancient temple, which is said to be built by the Pandav is also situated behind this Ganesha's temple.