Arunachal Pradesh whose name means in Sanskrit is Land of the Dawn-Lit Mountains. And it is also known as the Orchid State of India or the Paradise of the Botanists. The frontier state of India, Arunachal Pradesh shares its border with Tibet (China), Bhutan and Myanmar (Burma). Geographically, it is the largest among the North-east Indian states (Area is 83,743 sq km) commonly known as the Seven Sister States. it's Latitude is Between 26° 30' N and 29° 30 ' N and Longitude Between 91° 30' E and 97° 30' E. As in other parts of Northeast India, the people native to the state trace their origins to the Tibeto-Burman people. In recent times, large number of migrants from various parts of India and other lands has built extensive economic and cultural ties with the state's population. A unique habitat with glaciers, high altitude meadows, sub-tropical forests and an amazing array of flora and fauna, all this and more strewn generously with glistening water bodies and gushing rivers.
Its dense forests, snow clad peaks, towering mountains and roaring rivers offer numerous opportunities for rafting, hiking, mountaineering or simply basking- in all it's beauty . Arunachal Pradesh has more than 550 rare species of orchids and hundreds of species of rare plants, covering more than 60% of the total area. The wildlife is equally rich and varied, which includes elephants, tigers, leopards, jungle cats and also white gibbons, red pandas, the musk and the "Mithun" (BOS FRONTALIS).
Arunachal Pradesh also finds mention in literature such as the Kalika Puran and epics like Mahabharata and Ramayana. It is believed that sage Vyasa was here to do penance. One more interesting feature is the remains of a brick structure scattered around two villages in the hills north of Roing, believed to be the palace of Rukmini, the consort of Lord Krishna. The people with a glorious past have a deep sense of beauty that finds delightful expression in their songs, dances and crafts.
Many tribal languages are spoken in the state. English, Assamese, Bengali and Hindi are also spoken by a large section of the people. The Donyi-polo is the ancient religion of these people, still followed by many; Buddhism & Christianity are the other major religions. There are also a minority of Hindus in the state.
Arunachal Pradesh State Flower is Rhynchostylis retusa. (Fox-Tail orchid)
The detail analysis of Population Census 2011 published by Govt. of India for Arunachal Pradesh state reveal that population of Arunachal Pradesh has increased by 26.03% in this decade compared (2001-2011) to past decade (1991-2001). The density of Arunachal Pradesh state in the current decade is 43 per sq mile.
- Arunachal Pradesh is an State of India with population of Approximate 13.84 Lakhs.
- The population of Arunachal Pradesh state is 1,383,727.
- The density of Arunachal Pradesh state is 17 per sq km.
- Arunachal Pradesh State is spread over 83,743 Sq Km.